Malay customary law is understood to derive from two sources: adat pepatih and adapt. Adat pepatih developed among the matrilineal Minangkabau of Sumatra. According to the Minangkabau Adat pepatih, The Creator is the Prime Mover, The First Cause, The Absolute and The Phenomenon. Although we learn about. What is adat land? • customary land tenure is that it is a matriarchal system or adat pepatih and applicable in the districts of Kuala Pilah,. Rembau, Jelebu and.

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As has been mentioned earlier that the Ruler under the Hindu influence was portrayed as a god king and he demands absolute loyalty of his subjects. Female members can only inherited in equal shares of property ada to the Will. Although it seemed to prejudice the men in Negeri Sembilan, common justice ought to make us recognised that the system worked well.

Only men are eligible to be elected as leaders for their clan or tribe. A great number of adat regulation put a limit to their freedom. Minorities always broke away and create civil strife. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. The whole of Hindu criminal law is characterized peppatih lex teleonis.

Patrilineal is a system in which one belongs to the father’s lineage; it generally involves the inheritance of property, names or titles from fathers to sons.

However, like the society, the monarchy is also patriarchal. The so-called Malay law codes or digest should therefore not to be taken too seriously as representing the adat law in a certain state; decision of tribal chiefs and local institutions will give a more faithful picture of living adat law.


All female member will associate with a piece of land based on the custom. They range from being found with booty snatched on stolen by force or being found with flittring heart. In other words the adat pepatih is more organized so as to win the heart of its followers.

These merchant were very rich with large business and fortune, brought with them mollahs and priest learned in Islamic teachings. According to adat temenggong the laws were in the lands of the rulers assisted by his Bendahara Prime Ministerthe Temenggong Chief of Police and several Menteri Ministers while outside territories were administered through Mandulika Governors. This is because the upper class want to preserve their status and power.

When a man marries into a female tribe, his wife already owns a piece of land e. Female members priorities in Adat Perpatih ; Ancestral properties such as landlineageinheritance and election of members of YDP and lembaga are assigned to female members. Everyone had to find himself a protector and this system of non seperation of powers has given a wide room for corruption and cruelty.

The system of government in the Malay sultanate clearly did not lend itself at any time aday a proper administration of justice. These two systems was imported directly to the Malay Peninsular.


Adat perpatih

Wilkinson wrote inhe stated that: Articles needing additional references from January All articles needing additional references. When Sultan Iskandar converted to Islam he made all adwt people do the same without any opposition. Under the circumstances aeat is not difficult to paint a very highly coloured picture of the immense improvement in the position of the Malay mases since the introduction of British rule. The system practices democracy in electing chiefs and a king.

Commercial Law: Customary Law in Malaysia : Adat Perpatih

The female heirs inherit equally their mother’s property irrespective of whether or not they predeceased their mother. Rub against the stem of a bamboo and you itch. Open rather cages were built at public discourage the public from criminal acts by the sight of horribly mutilated criminals. This is a practice which was followed in the Malay States in pepattih days. According to the terombo songs of origin these law givers held sway over different parts of Minangkabau.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Below the female members position of Adat Perpatih. Petty disputes are judge by the buapas, more important matters by the lembagas while capital offences came before the undang who has full authority.