DZONGKHA GRAMMAR PDF

Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only. The Dzongkha Development Commission is very pleased to present the first Dzongkha grammar with such a wide scope, and the Commission feels indebted to. Dzongkha, or Bhutanese is a Sino-Tibetan language spoken by over half a million people in Bhutan; it is the sole official and national.

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The word dzongkha means “the language of the district”; kha is language, and dzong is “district”. District-like Dzong architecture characterises monasteries, established throughout Bhutan by its unifier, Ngawang Namgyal1st Zhabdrung Rinpochein the 17th century.

Dzongkha | Definition of Dzongkha in English by Oxford Dictionaries

As ofDzongkha hadnative speakers and abouttotal speakers. Dzongkha and its dialects are the native tongue of eight western districts of Bhutan viz. Dzongkha was declared as the national language of Bhutan in The Bhutanese film Travellers and Magicians is entirely in Dzongkha.

The Tibetan alphabet used to write Dzongkha has thirty basic letters, sometimes known as “radicals”, for consonants. There are various ways of romanization and transliteration systems dzongka Dzongkha, however all possible systems dzongkhx to represent the true phonetic sound. Dzongkha is a tone language and has two register tones: All consonants may begin a syllable. In the onsets of low tone syllables, consonants are voiced.

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Dzongkha Grammar

Only a few consonants are found in syllable-final positions. Many words in Dzongkha are monosyllabic. Dzongkha is considered a South Tibetic language. It is closely related to and partially intelligible with Sikkimeseand to some other Bhutanese languages such as ChocangacaBrokpaBrokkat and Lakha. Dzongkha bears a close linguistic relationship to J’umowa, which is spoken in the Chumbi Valley of Southern Tibet. Although descended from Classical TibetanDzongkha shows a great many irregularities in sound changes that make the official spelling and standard pronunciation more distant from each other than is the case with Standard Tibetan.

Dzongkha in the Tibetan alphabet.

Dzongkha – Wikipedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to be confused with Tsonga language. The word “Dzongkha” in the Tibetan alphabet. Districts of Bhutan in which the Dzongkha language is spoken natively are highlighted in yellow.

Tibetan alphabetDzongkha numeralsand Dzongkha Braille. Bhutan portal Languages portal. Archived from the original PDF on Languages of the Greater Himalayan Region. Encyclopedia of the World’s Endangered Languages. Traditional orthography and modern phonology are two distinct systems operating by a distinct set of rules.

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Khams Tibetan Tseku Khamba. Retrieved from ” https: Dzongkha language Languages of Bhutan Languages written in Tibetan script.

Dzongkha Lessons

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Tibetan alphabet Dzongkha Braille. This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering supportyou may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

For a guide to IPA symbols, see Help: Dxongkha article contains Tibetan script. Without proper rendering supportyou may see very small fonts, misplaced vowels or missing conjuncts instead of Tibetan characters. Dzongkha edition of Wikipediathe free encyclopedia. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dzongkha.