GEZIRA IRRIGATION SCHEME PDF
THE purpose of the Gezira Irrigation Scheme is to provide the northern portion of the Gezira Plain with a plentiful supply of water for the purpose of cotton. This report examines how the design of the Gezira Irrigation Scheme has resolved many of the distribution problems still found in more recently. High potential of natural resources but low agricultural productivity are main characteristics of Gezira Irrigation Scheme in Sudan. Located in.
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Reginald Wingatethe British governor-general of Sudan, originally envisaged the farmers growing wheat but this was abandoned as the colonial authorities thought that a better cash crop was needed. The annual average rainfall is apparently schee mm in the south, and this average drops gradually towards the North average mm. This gives it favourable environments for all agricultural activities as well as integrated investment in industries.
That means the cotton cultivated area had been decreases steadily from first period to the second period and third period respectively and also production decreases steadily from 2, Kentar to 1, Kentar sche,e toKentar.
Economic Analysis of Cotton Production in the Gezira Scheme: 19 | OMICS International
In under privatization policies shifting the ownership of Sudan Cotton Company limited from the state to the tenants Figure 1. Retrieved 8 November It is the year when was nationalized and the management was entrusted to the Sudan Gezira Board which substituted the Sudan plantation syndicate, the area was feddans and the average yield per feddans about 6. Cotton average yield increases from 3.
Topography of the Gezira is related to the characteristic of the two rivers. This system gave efficient tenants the reaps of their efforts since each tenant is considered individually.
The Gezira area was leased from its owners for 25 years and was distributed to these owners on leasing bases. The simple decision rule is to accept projects for which the net present worth is positive. The Sudan Csheme Board took over from private enterprise in  and was chaired by Arthur Gaitskell.
Irrgation in the Gezira Scheme: The syndicate at its own cost established another pilot pumping station to irrigate feddans at Barakat and additional pumps followed at Hag Abdalla, and Wad EL nor south of Barakat. Irrrigation method of discounted gross benefits divided by the total discounted gross costs. Shortage in machinery sxheme spare parts needed for land preparation and the cultivation of cotton.
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. An area of 10, feddans was allotted on lease hold to him at Zeidab in the Northern Province in The difference in the value of the same sum of money in two different periods is determined by the discount factor. Related articles in Google Scholar.
Government and administration shares during the joint account system were transferred into land rent and water charges imposed on the cultivated areas and are revised gezzira year. The enterprise cost of production represents the cotton lint price necessary to break-even after accounting for all non-primary product income.
The surface of soil of the Gezira with high clay content. Sudan is the largest country in Africa, the area of the Sudan is about one million square miles 2.
It was cultivated in Elgezira, Elrahad, and Elsuki. Climate differences are also observed in the average temperature and relative humidity. Thank you for submitting a comment on this article. The above Table 1 indicates fluctuation of cotton geziar over those 34 years and also the average yield of cotton crop. The partnership agreement regulated the duties and rights of each partner.
irgigation There are five distinct sub-sectors of the Sudanese agriculture, modern irrigated farming, mechanized rain fed crop production, traditional rain fed farming, livestock and forestry. Retrieved December 5, The population of the Sudan is about Discounting looks backward from the future to the present [ 1213 ].
After the lowest Nile flood for years, the Sennar Dam was constructed on the Blue Nile to provide a reservoir of water. Additionally, producers, on average, received positive net incomes in all years evaluated in this study with the exception of Cotton stalks are used as a source of energy to meet the various needs of the Gezira population [ 3 ].
The Gezira and Managil scheme, has been divided into 18 eighteen groups, 10 ten in the Gezira and 8 eight in the Managil extension. The rate for discounting is called the discount factor. It was a challenged for everyone working in the field of production research to find ways and means to improve yields. In the area was increased to feddans of cotton the Zeidab farm was later managed by the Sudan plantation syndicate using direct labour which later was substituted with land rent after the interference of the Sudan Government at that time, in the company had put the system into real practice.
Can’t read the image? Google Buzz Stumble Upon Delicious. It found that the mean area allocated in this period for cotton productionFeddan, mean production amounted toKentar, average yield 4.
Gezira Scheme – Wikipedia
Article PDF first page preview. World Bank technical paper ; no. Water from the Blue Nile is distributed through canals and ditches to tenant farms lying between the Blue and White Nile rivers. Two important measures of project worth incorporate the principle of discounted measures: