Gymnura micrura. Bloch & Schneider, Synonyms. Aetoplatea Valenciennes in Müller & Henle, ; Phanerocephalus Gratzianov, ; Pteroplatea Müller & Henle, The butterfly rays are the rays forming the genus Gymnura and the family Gymnuridae. Gymnura micrura. This diamond-shaped ray is much wider than it is long, usually 3 to 4 feet wide, and its short tail lacks the ray’s usual spine. PDF | An extensive taxonomic revision of Gymnura micrura based on external and internal morphology, and considering specimens from its entire geographical .

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Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range? Uses editors parameter Articles with ‘species’ microformats. Biology of Sharks and Their Relatives.

Smooth butterfly ray

Retrieved 22 Feb Prefers neritic waters of the continental shelf and usually found on soft bottoms. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Entered by Froese, Rainer. Uses editors parameter link. It is tolerant of a variety of salt content, from brackish river mouths to highly mjcrura lagoons, as long as there is a muddy or sandy bottom to mjcrura small fish and invertebrates.

The smooth butterfly ray Gymnura micrura is a species of cartilaginous fish in the Gymnuridae family. Estimates of some properties based on models Preferred temperature Ref. Views Read Edit View history. The front edges of the disk are concave. Broad, diamond-shaped ray with a very short tail lacking a dorsal spine Ref. Gymnura micrura alter their swimming habits depending on where they are swimming in the water column.


They are found in warm oceans worldwide, and occasionally in estuaries. Summary page Point data Common names Photos.

Gymnura micrura, Smooth butterfly ray : fisheries

Generally marketed salted Ref. Synonyms for Gymnura micrura include Pteroplatea micrura, Raja micrura and Gymnura micura. Tail with low dorsal and ventral finfolds and 3 – 4 dark crossbars Ref.

Feeds on fish and shrimps Ref. Add your observation in Fish Watcher Native range All suitable habitat Point map Year This map was mcrura and has not yet been reviewed. The great hammerhead specializes in feeding on butterfly rays and is their main predator in some areas. Exhibit ovoviparity aplacental viviparitywith embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures Ref.

Journal of Applied Ichthyology. Predators Potential predators include larger fishes and marine mammals. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Smooth butterfly ray Conservation status. Short description Morphology Morphometrics Broad, diamond-shaped ray with a very short tail lacking a dorsal gymnur Ref.

The butterfly rays are the rays forming the genus Gymnura and the family Gymnuridae. Importance to Humans Smooth butterfly rays are caught in minor fisheries. This ray gymnuura be distinguished from the spiny butterfly ray G. Bloch and Schneider first described the smooth butterfly ray in In the western Atlantic it occurs from Maryland to Brazil.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. You can sponsor this page. Dentition The upper jaw generally has 60 to teeth and lower jaw generally has 52 to teeth, with each tooth having one short sharp conical cusp on a somewhat swollen base.

The IUCN is a global union of states, governmental agencies, and non-governmental organizations in a partnership that assesses the conservation status of species. Front edges of disk concave. It can vary from light brown to gray to greenish, with lighter gynnura darker spots, and can manipulate its shading to blend better into its background. Undulation verses oscillation” PDF.

The ventral side is lightly colored while the dorsal side is variable in color. The absence of a tail spine and the presence of a keel on the upper surface of the tail separates G. Distinct pairing with embrace Ref.

Danger to Humans This is a small ray that does not possess a spine. Food Habits Feeds on fish and invertebrates, more specifically: Florida Museum of Natural History”. Females of the northwestern Atlantic population pup when 25 inches 65 cm wide, and probably at smaller lengths. Views Read Edit View history. Jicrura The smooth butterfly ray prefers neritic waters of the continental shelf and is usually found on soft bottoms.