CA and EA paved the way for Interlanguage theory (IL hereinafter) in . The term ‘Interlanguage’ was first introduced by Selinker ( &). The Interlanguage theory, that assumes that an active and independent learning mind Selinker believes that the evidence for interlanguage can be found. Inter-language Theory Presented to: Ma’am Mehwish. Selinker’s Five Fossilization Process Steps Over-generalization Transfer of.

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Spontaneous conversation is more likely to involve the use of interlanguage. Focus on form Input enhancement. Fossilization occurs often in adult language learners. Empirical studies in second-language variation. Educators have tendencies to believe students are huge buckets we just pour information into and they learn it.


Thus, literate learners may produce much more target-like forms in a writing task for which they have 30 minutes to plan, than in conversation where they must produce language with almost no planning at all. For example, in earlier stages of acquisition, a learner will often display systematic constraints on their ability to use the correct tense. Language learning strategies Communication strategies Code-switching Good language learner studies.

Literacy and second language oracy. The learner is in a limbo state as far as language is concerned because it neither mirrors the L1 or L2.

Interlanguage – Wikipedia

Interlanguage is claimed to be ihterlanguage language in its own right. This article has multiple issues. The learners may be huge buckets, but those buckets have thick filters that trap a lot of the information that is trying to be passed along. As their knowledge of tense in English expanded, this disrupted their correct usage of the morpheme. Social factors may include a change in register or the familiarity of interlocutors. It can occur even in motivated learners who are continuously exposed to their L2 or have adequate learning support.

Learn how your comment data interlanguzge processed. On the other hand, those who approach it from a sociolinguistic or psycholinguistic orientation view variability as an inherent feature of the learner’s interlanguage. Also, interlanguage is great to use when threading together a lesson plan.


An introduction to bilingualism: The realization that students will interpret information differently should provide some guidance on how instruction of the information should be presented.

To study the psychological processes involved one theort compare the interlanguage utterances of the learner with two things:. According to interlanguage theory, this seeming progression and regression of language learning is an important and positive manifestation of the learner’s developing understanding of ttheory grammar of the target language.

Selinker’s Interlanguage Theory by Erin Tillman on Prezi

Free variation in the use of a language feature is usually taken as a sign that it has not been fully acquired. The specific problem is: At the end are guiding questions for the educator to contemplate instruction and Interlangauge. The first segment of the lesson plan should allow for a portion of the information to be learned, and then the following segments should review and build upon that learning. Affective factors also play an important role in systematic variation. For example, interlanguags in a stressful situation such as a formal exam may produce fewer target-like forms than they would in a comfortable setting.

In Seliger, H; Long, M. The concept of interlanguave is closely related to other types of language, especially creoles and pidgins. Classroom oriented research in second language acquisition. Ultimately, there would be similarities, but not the same.

They may happen to say “What do you doing? With language learning, people do not ascend to higher levels as if it is a staircase that goes from the bottom floor beginner to an extremely high second floor native speaker.

Island constraints are based on the concept that there are certain syntactical domains within a sentence that act as phrase boundaries.

Fossilization in adult second language acquisition Online ed. For this reason, interlanguage is thought of as a third language that is unique to the individual learner.

This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia’s quality standards. Interlanguage can be observed to be variable across different contexts. Please help improve it by rewriting it in an encyclopedic style. Selinker noted that in a given situation the utterances produced by the learner are different from those native speakers would produce had they attempted to convey the same meaning.


Competition model Comprehensible output Connectionism Dynamic Systems Theory Generative second-language acquisition Input hypothesis Interaction hypothesis Interface hypothesis Interface position Noticing hypothesis Processability theory Order of acquisition Skill-based theories. In Bayley, R; Lucas, C.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Robert Lado held that the claims of contrastive analysis should be viewed as hypothetical unless and until they were sekinker on systematic analyses of learner speech seliinker. Thus began an explosion of research into understanding how language and the internal grammar in second language learners evolved.

Linguistic factors are usually extremely local. As the person is standing on earth, he is totally an earthling at first, the student will only view Korean in terms of the English languagebut as he climbs in the spaceship and takes off as he begins to learn Koreanhis distance from the earth increases so he is not totally an earthling anymore the person starts adopting Korean language rules, structures, culture.

Selinker noted that in a given situation, the utterances produced by a learner are different from those native speakers would produce had they attempted to convey the same meaning. The concise encyclopedia of applied linguistics. In accordance with communication accommodation theorylearners may adapt their speech to either converge with, or diverge from, their interlocutor’s usage.

Individuals learning a second language may not always hear spoken L2 words as separate units. This type of variability seems to be most common among beginning learners, and may be entirely absent among the more advanced.