Get this from a library! La cuestión étnica: algunos problemas teórico- metodológicos. [Rodolfo Stavenhagen]. La Cuestión Étnica. Derechos humanos de los pueblos indígenas. Conflictos étnicos y estado nacional. Entre la ley y la costumbre: el derecho. Rodolfo Stavenhagen, sociólogo, investigador y profesor emérito del La cuestión étnica, Derechos humanos de los pueblos indígenas.

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Indigenous Peoples and the State in Latin America: This method of ethnic classification based on proxy self-identification is consistent with current practices by the U.

Gender norms may also affect which children learn the language of their parents or who carries on the traditions of their communities. Shopbop Designer Fashion Brands.

Another problem with using language proficiency is that it forces individuals to dichotomize what is essentially a continuous variable. Speaking an indigenous language may in practice be a requirement for participating in group rituals, as well as for holding positions of responsibility within the community known as cargosand providing stavfnhagen work for collective projects known as tequios.

All Formats Paperback Hardcover Sort by: For all its failings, language proficiency is more likely to capture a stronger form of ethnicity, with clear social implications.

La Jornada: Falleció Rodolfo Stavenhagen, constructor de instituciones

Percent classified as indigenous based on language proficiency and proxy self-identification by age group. Numerous studies have shown how racial and ethnic boundaries emerge, and are defended or transformed by social actors Horowitz ; Tilly ; Zolberg and Woon ; Brubaker ; Wimmer a. Samples are restricted to cases where the mother or father is the census informant.

However, recent studies on boundary crossing have focused mostly on Afro-Latin American countries such as Brazil, where racial classification is based on perceptions of skin color.

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The multicultural discourse may also receive more widespread acceptance among educated parents in urban areas, thus explaining the stronger positive association in more urban settings.

Rodolfo Stavenhagen

Multiculturalism in Latin America: New York University Press; The latter category is particularly important for mothers since a large percentage of children are not living with their fathers. The coefficients for the remaining predictors are broadly consistent with expectations. Many other censuses and household surveys worldwide, including the U. In particular, the conditional cash transfer program known as Oportunidadesby far the largest assistance program in Mexico, does not specifically use indigenous identification as a criterion for qualification SEDESOL n.

Racial Ambiguity among the Brazilian Population. Population, Ethnicity, and Nation-Building. Similarly, migrant parents who have left the indigenous communities in which they grew up and who are therefore probably less attached to their indigenous identity, are also significantly less likely to transmit their knowledge of their indigenous stavenhagdn to their children.

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Withoutabox Submit to Film Festivals. Some boundaries are unambiguous, such that everyone knows on which side of the boundary they are located.

Politics and the Resurgence of Identity. It is therefore important to fully understand the implications of this shift in ethnic classification. Compared to language proficiency, self-identification allows individuals greater freedom ordolfo identify themselves as they wish, even when the information is provided by a proxy.

However, sociological research on boundary crossing has focused mostly on Afro-Latin American countries such as Brazil.

All a respondent has to do to abandon the often stavenuagen indigenous identity for him or herself as well as for others for whom he or she is answering the census is to say that they are not indigenous.


By contrast, only The probability that a child will be identified as indigenous also increases with the level of urbanization. Yet researchers have shown that the social boundaries that define many racial and ethnic categories can change, and that individuals often engage in purposeful behavior to move between categories Alba and Nee ; Alba ; Loveman and Muniz ; Wimmer ab ; Montgomery As explained in the methodological section below, I am therefore able to ensure that information regarding the ethnic self-identification of parents and their children in the study is provided by the parents themselves.

Layton and Patrinos Using language proficiency as a criterion for indigenous classification not only results in a lower estimate of the overall size of the indigenous population, but as demonstrated in the second part of the statistical analysis, it also leads to a higher estimate of the socioeconomic disadvantage faced by indigenous children. Employment in government agencies of this sort is too small to have a large scale effect on indigenous identification. The sample is representative at the national level as well as for all 2, municipalities nationwide.

Language proficiency may be thought to provide a bright boundary between ethnic categories insofar as an individual who does not speak an indigenous language simply cannot be considered indigenous. Fortunately, the Mexican census identifies the informant in each household.